Using computers and laptops in the wrong manner can cause various health issues. Overuse of your muscles in your arms, neck, shoulders, back and wrists as well as eye strains can be avoided by using the right type of equipment and following the right posture.
Sitting for long periods of time can
cause lack of blood circulation in your body which can lead to stiffness and
pain in your joints and muscles. Use an adjustable table or stand that allows
you to work while sitting or standing and take frequent breaks from sitting for
Your chair height should be such that both your feet rest flat on the floor. You can use a foot stool for extra comfort or use an ergonomic chair to reduce back strain from prolonged sitting.
Position your monitor to be at eye level or lightly lower to avoid strain in your neck and shoulders.
Adjust your keyboard such that your elbow rests comfortably, keeping your forearms parallel to the floor.
Ergonomic keyboards can be helpful as they are constructed in a “V” shape, to allow a slight angle for easier typing.
Your mouse should be at the same height as your keyboard and positioned close enough to you such that you use your whole arm and not just your wrist when using it. Vertical mice are also available to ease the tension in your wrist and thumb.
To prevent eye strain, tilt your monitor slightly to avoid direct light into your eyes. You can also adjust the brightness and contrast of your screen to reduce the glare. Most importantly, take frequent breaks away from the monitor to give your eyes a rest.